Breed Name : Andalusian Horse Scientific Name : Equus caballus Other Name: Pure Spanish Horse or PRE, pura raza española Origin: Spain Lifespan Their average life span is around 25 years, but they may live longer than that Height: between 15.2 to 16.2 hands Weight The Andalusian is considered to be a light horse breed. This means that most of the horses within this breed weigh 1,500 pounds or less Price/ Cost of Andalusian Horse Pricing will generally be between $15,000 to $20,000 per horse Andalusian Horse Breed Profile
The Andalusian Horse breed is from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years. The Andalusian has been recognized as a distinct breed since the 15th century, and its conformation has changed very little over the centuries
The breed is Strongly built, compact, elegant, thick mane and tail
The horses were originally used for classical dressage, driving, bullfighting, and as stock horses. Modern Andalusians are used for many equestrian activities, including dressage, show jumping and driving. The breed is also used extensively in movies, especially historical pictures and fantasy epics
They're one of the purest horse breeds, and are slightly endangered, their numbers were way down around until 2000s'. They are strong, agile and totally awesome,which is why they were used mainly as 'War horses'
They were also used in bullfighting and as stock horses. Andalusians are still used as dressage horses today, as well as for driving, Western pleasure riding horses, saddle seat, and even jumping
Andalusian horse is not a very fast animal, but has excellent gaits
One of the most unique characteristics of the Andalusian horse is a full, flowing mane and tail. The forelock sweeps over the face, and the tail is often long enough to touch the ground
Grooming Requirements of Andalusian Horse
Andalusian breed is one that should be groomed on a regular basis using the standard horse grooming tools that are easy to acquire. These include a hoof pick, tail brush, curry comb, dandy brush, shedding blade, mane comb, and body finishing brush
Breed History- Andalusian Horse
The Andalusian horse has an amazing history, first recognized in cave paintings in the Andalusia region. The breed went on to be revered by Carthusian monks, and Andalusian horses were stolen by Napoleon's army and made their way through Europe. The breed is relatively new to America, only beginning to be exported from Spain in 1962
The Andalusian played a major role in the history of Spain, first as a cavalry horse that was brave and agile in battle, and then as a symbol of the refinement of Spain
Andalusian Horse Temperament In terms of their personality, Andalusian horses have a wonderful temperament. These animals are smart, as well as sensitive, docile, and brave. The breed has a desire to learn, and these horses can easily adapt to new and changing situations with ease Andalusian Horse Colors
The majority of Andalusian horses are grey in color. Often, like the Lipizzaner horses that are descended from them, they are born black or very dark grey, and will lighten as they age
Well over 80% of those registered in fact, are some form of silver, grey, black or white, but other colors are seen, and acceptable in some registries
Bay is the most common color other than grey, and occasionally chestnut individuals, and even palominos are seen
Andalusian Horse - Reproduction Facts
The male parent of a horse, a stallion, is commonly known as the sire and the female parent, the mare, is called the dam. Both are genetically important, as each parent provides half of the genetic makeup of the ensuing offspring, called a foal
Mares will reach puberty at 12 to 15 months of age. Stallions are considered to have reached puberty when an ejaculate contains 1 x (10 to the eighth) total sperm with a progressive motility of 10 percent
A stallion with experience and is older than two years should be able to handle 2-4 mares a day
The gestation period lasts for about eleven months, or about 340 days (normal average range 320–370 days)
Mating usually occurs in Spring
Newborn foals can range in weight from 31kgs up to 54kgs. Foals are nurtured by their dam for around six months, after which time they are placed in an alternative paddock with a group of other foals for company. This process is known as weaning
Andalusian Horse Feed Requirements
These horses tend to get thick and can become founder fat and have metabolic issues if their grazing and diet is not managed especially as they age. These horses do best in a dry climate with less lush high sugar vegetation. You can up the energy of a Andalusian by feeding small amounts of a simple grain mix with minimal vitamin and mineral supplements
If the horse can roam and graze freely, it will probably be healthy. The Andalusian Horse will select what its body will tell it to do. But, when the horses are kept in small corrals, owners have to find out what the horses need.
Grass hay (alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda, prairie) should make up the majority of the horse's diet. Grain is very important for all horses, especially rolled oats. Milo, corn, and barley are also acceptable.
For protein supplements Andalusian Horses need linseed, cottonseed, dried skim milk, or commercially mixed protein supplement. Also horses should have salt and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, and others) always available. But use only minerals for equine because others are dangerous.
Andalusian Horses need plenty of cool fresh water, especially in hot weather
Following food items must be avoided in feed of horses:
Dog and cat kibble
Caffeine: Coffee, tea and cola contain the stimulant caffeine (trimethylxanthine) which can cause an irregular heart rhythm.
Horses should eat constantly because their GI tract is designed to always be digesting small amounts of forage as they graze nearly around the clock
Horses can over-eat on grass, especially if the pasture is lush, but it is also easy to let a horse get too fat eating hay. And, sometimes too little hay can mean a horse will lose weight. Ponies will require considerably less, while large draft breeds can eat30 pounds (13.6 kg) a day or more
It is recommended that the diet contain no less than 1 percent of body weight of roughage such as hay, pasture, etc. For example, a 1,100 pound horse requires at least 11 pounds of roughage. It also is important not to over feed grain to horsesbecause this can cause digestive upset such as colic
Feed the horse a daily ration of sweet feed that's equal to a percentage of his body weight, ie between 0.5 and 3.0 percent. Weight it carefully so you know how much you're feeding, since guessing can lead to over- or underfeeding your horse
To feed your horse, make sure it constantly has plenty of hay or grass to chew on. You should also give it 1/2 a pound of barley or oats daily for every 100 pounds of body weight. If you want to treat your horse, provide it with fresh apples or carrots asa reward, but do so in moderation
Andalusian Horse Diseases, Diagnostic, and Treatment
The Andalusian tends to be prone to Laminitis if they are overfed.
Since many Andalusians are grey, their lighter skin is more prone to Melanomas. Just keep an eye out for bumps on your horse, especially around the muzzle and the tail.
Since the hoof and pastern angle is larger in Andalusians than in other breeds, it is important for the farrier to have experience with that so he can trim the hooves to prevent quarter cracks and closed heels
Vaccination Schedule - Horse
Following are the “core vaccines” for horses and all horses should have regardless of their age:
Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
West Nile Virus Vaccine.
Many horses, based on their age and use, should also be vaccinated for the respiratory diseases- Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, and Strangles
Broodmares should be vaccinated 4–6 wk before foaling. Foals from vaccinated mares should be vaccinated at 6 and 7 months of age and again at 12 months of age. Foals from unvaccinated mares should be vaccinated at 3, 4, and 12 months of age. All adult horses should be vaccinated annually
A foal's first-year immunizations begin as a series of two to three injections (depending on the product), followed by boosters once or twice a year. Most foals are born in the spring and will not receive EEE, WEE, WNV, and tetanus immunizations until 4 or 5 months of age or later