Breed Name : Friesian Horse Scientific Name : Fiesian Other Name: Belgian Black (UK) Origin: Friesland, Netherland Lifespan: 16 years Height: 15 to 17 hands (60 to 68 inches, 152 to 173 cm) Weight The average weight of a Friesian horse is about 1,300 pounds. Mares tend to weigh a little less, while geldings tend to weigh a little more Price/ Cost of Friesian Horse Pricing will generally be between $25,000 to $30,000 per horse. A verified breeding history for a weanling may let you find a Friesian horse for as little as $7,000 Friesian Horse Breed Profile
The Friesian Horse, which is one of Europe’s oldest horse breeds, was created in Friesland, which is an island that is located off the Netherlands coast
The breed is also believed to have descended from the Forest Horse, which was a primitive breed
Friesian horses are smart and gentle, though they are best suited to individuals who have some level of experience working with horses
This breed is known for being proud, strong, loyal, cheerful, and calm. And because these animals are people oriented and willing to please, they form strong bonds with their riders
The Friesian horse breed is renowned for its gorgeous black coat and thick, long mane and tail
Another beautiful feature of the Friesian is the feathering on the lower legs. This feathering is left untrimmed on purpose by horse breeders and owners
Friesian horses are very versatile and can be used in riding for pleasure and in competition, for dressage, driving for pleasure and in competition and even for light farm work
As a medium-built horse, the Friesian is not the fastest, but the horse can run as fast as he needs to perform the activities he was designed for
The Friesian Horse are not for jumping. The angles and weight bearing in their shoulder and neck make them unsuitable for jumping
A magnificent black stallion named Casey played Zorro's beautiful horse, Tornado. In the film, the horse is referred to as an Andalusian, but Casey is actually a Friesian
There are about 25,000 Friesians globally, most of them in The Netherlands. Friesians are quite consistent in appearance
Grooming Requirements of Friesian Horse
Friesian horses need a lot more grooming than average, as they have a thick tail and mane, as well as the feathers on the lower legs
To keep the tail healthy, cut it at the lowest point, making sure to cut evenly
You should cut at the height of the horse’s fetlock in order to prevent the tail from dragging on the ground, and this should leave enough hair in order to produce a tail that remains thick all the way to the bottom
To maintain the horse’s mane, which is typically left long, don’t cut the hair along the bottom, as that will cause it to become uneven. Instead, pull the mane, which involves pulling out the longest hairs, until you are able to reach the length that is desired. You will have to do this quite often in order to maintain it at the right length
Finally, to maintain the feathers on the horse’s lower legs and keep them looking neat, you will need to clip the hairs behind the knees, as well as on the front of the horse’s cannon bone. Also, trim any feathers that end up dragging along the ground, but allow the hair to remain around and below the fetlock
Breed History- Friesian Horse
Ancestors of the modern Friesians were used in medieval times to carry knights to battle. In the 12th and 13th centuries, some eastern horses of crusaders were mated with Friesian stock. During the 16th and 17th centuries, when the Netherlands were briefly linked with Spain, there was less demand for heavy war horses, as battle arms changed and became lighter. Andalusian horses were crossbred with Friesians, producing a lighter horse more suitable (in terms of less food intake and waste output) for work as urban carriage horses
The Friesian Horse originated in Friesland, one of twelve provinces of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Holland), situated in the northwest of Europe. Friesland is an old country dating to 500 B.C., when the Friesians settled along the cost of the North Sea. They were tradesmen, seafarers, farmers and horse breeders
Friesian Horse Temperament The temperament of the Friesian horse is loyal, Willing, placid and cheerful. The walk is straight, forward and springy.the canter is lively with a strong pushing power from the hindquarters this creates a thrusting, jumping canter Friesian Horse Colors
Friesians typically have no white markings. Pure black is typically preferred for the Friesian breed, so most Friesian registries do not allow horses with excessive white markings to be registered. Registries consider most white markings as evidence that the horse is not a pure bred Friesian
Friesian Horse - Reproduction Facts
The male parent of a horse, a stallion, is commonly known as the sire and the female parent, the mare, is called the dam. Both are genetically important, as each parent provides half of the genetic makeup of the ensuing offspring, called a foal
Mares will reach puberty at 12 to 15 months of age. Stallions are considered to have reached puberty when an ejaculate contains 1 x (10 to the eighth) total sperm with a progressive motility of 10 percent
A stallion with experience and is older than two years should be able to handle 2-4 mares a day
The gestation period lasts for about eleven months, or about 340 days (normal average range 320–370 days)
Mating usually occurs in Spring
Newborn foals can range in weight from 31kgs up to 54kgs. Foals are nurtured by their dam for around six months, after which time they are placed in an alternative paddock with a group of other foals for company. This process is known as weaning
Friesian Horse Feed Requirements
Suggested feeding for a Friesian is Good quality grass hay. General horse feeding rule of thumb for a average horse in minimal work is about 18 pounds of hay per 1000 pounds of body weight Per day. You can up the energy of a Friesian by feeding small amounts of a simple grain mix with minimal vitamin and mineral supplements
If the horse can roam and graze freely, it will probably be healthy. The Friesian Horse will select what its body will tell it to do. But, when the horses are kept in small corrals, owners have to find out what the horses need.
Grass hay (alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda, prairie) should make up the majority of the horse's diet. Grain is very important for all horses, especially rolled oats. Milo, corn, and barley are also acceptable.
For protein supplements Friesian Horses need linseed, cottonseed, dried skim milk, or commercially mixed protein supplement. Also horses should have salt and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, and others) always available. But use only minerals for equine because others are dangerous.
Friesian Horses need plenty of cool fresh water, especially in hot weather
Following food items must be avoided in feed of horses:
Dog and cat kibble
Caffeine: Coffee, tea and cola contain the stimulant caffeine (trimethylxanthine) which can cause an irregular heart rhythm.
Horses should eat constantly because their GI tract is designed to always be digesting small amounts of forage as they graze nearly around the clock
Horses can over-eat on grass, especially if the pasture is lush, but it is also easy to let a horse get too fat eating hay. And, sometimes too little hay can mean a horse will lose weight. Ponies will require considerably less, while large draft breeds can eat30 pounds (13.6 kg) a day or more
It is recommended that the diet contain no less than 1 percent of body weight of roughage such as hay, pasture, etc. For example, a 1,100 pound horse requires at least 11 pounds of roughage. It also is important not to over feed grain to horsesbecause this can cause digestive upset such as colic
Feed the horse a daily ration of sweet feed that's equal to a percentage of his body weight, ie between 0.5 and 3.0 percent. Weight it carefully so you know how much you're feeding, since guessing can lead to over- or underfeeding your horse
To feed your horse, make sure it constantly has plenty of hay or grass to chew on. You should also give it 1/2 a pound of barley or oats daily for every 100 pounds of body weight. If you want to treat your horse, provide it with fresh apples or carrots asa reward, but do so in moderation
Friesian Horse Diseases, Diagnostic, and Treatment
Friesians are somewhat prone to a disease called Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) simply due to their size. OCD is a disease found in young, rapidly growing horses who will mature to be over 15 hands. It occurs when cartilage at the end of growing bones breaks down instead of turning into bone as it should. As a result of the break-down, small pieces of cartilage may break off and harden into bone cysts, causing inflammation and pain in the joint. Treatment includes joint injections and rest, and surgery is possible.
Dwarfism is a genetic disorder that can affect any breed and occurs the most in pony breeds, but is present in the Friesian breed. The disorder causes the body to be severely disproportionate and it is debilitating.
Friesians are disposed to an infection called scratches, which is scabbing that appears on the back of the pastern and fetlock. It is thought to be caused by standing in wet areas and the ‘feathers' cause the area to stay wet for a longer period of time. It can cause discomfort to the affected horse, but can be easily cleared up by shaving the affected area so that it can dry out and scrubbing with a cleaning solution such as an iodine scrub for several days
Vaccination Schedule - Horse
Following are the “core vaccines” for horses and all horses should have regardless of their age:
Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
West Nile Virus Vaccine.
Many horses, based on their age and use, should also be vaccinated for the respiratory diseases- Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, and Strangles
Broodmares should be vaccinated 4–6 wk before foaling. Foals from vaccinated mares should be vaccinated at 6 and 7 months of age and again at 12 months of age. Foals from unvaccinated mares should be vaccinated at 3, 4, and 12 months of age. All adult horses should be vaccinated annually
A foal's first-year immunizations begin as a series of two to three injections (depending on the product), followed by boosters once or twice a year. Most foals are born in the spring and will not receive EEE, WEE, WNV, and tetanus immunizations until 4 or 5 months of age or later