Sub Species: Pugs are one of three types of short-nosed dogs that are known to have been bred by the Chinese: the Lion dog, the Pekingese, and the Lo-sze, which was the ancient Pug. Some think that the famous "Foo Dogs" of China are representations of the ancient Pug
Litter Size : 4-6 Puppies
Puppy Price : USD $500-$2000
Popularity of Pugs
AKC Breed Popularity – 28 of 193
Breed Overview – Pug Dog
Pugs are generally very quiet dogs. When they bark it might sound more like a yodeling sound or they will make small "yip"s when they get really excited
Pugs puppies from 3 – 8 weeks will sleep anywhere around 20 hours per day. Adult Pugs will sleep 14 hours a day and that is a lot more than other active dogs. It may sound this breed does nothing but sleep, most of it occurs at night
If the Pug is house trained, they should be fine to be left alone for 8-10 hours per day
Some pugs have anal glands that secrete more scent oil than normal and that's the source of the really bad smell
The Pug dog is an even tempered, good natured dog breed and very rarely will a Pug actually bite as opposed to nipping
Pug puppies have two gears, “full speed ahead” and “dead in the water,” They either run full tilt or sleep. They remain wild and crazy until at least 2 years old; some don't calm down until 3 or 4
Pugs have a tendency to being hyper- even when they get a little older
Pugs are social, quirky and intensely loyal — making these squish-faces a popular dog breed
A Pug is Your Shadow: Pugs are clingy dogs because they're people dogs that thrive on human companionship. This shouldn't come as any surprise because they were bred to be companion dogs
Pugs tend to get along well with other dogs and are sturdy enough to get along with children
Pugs can be stubborn but normally want to please. These are fairly laid-back dogs, not usually given to extensive barking, digging or chewing
According to a study, 1 in 3 pugs may suffer from walking problems
Pugs have wrinkled faces because Chinese breeders purposely bred them that way. They actually aimed to create a pattern of wrinkles on the dogs' foreheads, which resembled the Chinese character for “prince.”
They're an ancient breed.
They were treated like royalty
A group of pugs is called a grumble
The breed probably gets its name from a monkey
The pug is the official breed of the house of orange
The perfect pug tail has two curls
Apartment Friendly. In a few of the dogs who are adjustable to living in apartments, the Pug will rank the highest
Cold weather Tolerance. This little dog with a smooshed nose will find it difficult to live with an owner residing in cold places. They require moderate climates for healthy growth
Hot weather Tolerence. Hot weather tolerability is low in this breed. Reasons being its breathing problems because of a flat nose.Due to this reason, the dog breed is discouraged to exercise or play outdoors during the summers
Despite their short coats, Pugs shed a lot.
Pugs wheeze, snort and snore, loudly.
Tendency to Bark: Low
Pug Breed - AKC Official Standards
General Appearance: Symmetry and general appearance are decidedly square and cobby. A lean, leggy Pug and a dog with short legs and a long body are equally objectionable.
Size, Proportion, Substance: Weight from 14 to 18 pounds (dog or bitch) desirable. Proportion square.
Head: The head is large, massive, round - not apple-headed, with no indentation of the skull.
The eyes are dark in color, very large, bold and prominent, globular in shape, soft and solicitous
The ears are thin, small, soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds - the "rose" and the "button." Preference is given to the latter.
The wrinkles are large and deep. The muzzle is short, blunt, square, but not upfaced.
Bite – A Pug's bite should be very slightly undershot.
Neck, Topline, Body: The neck is slightly arched. It is strong, thick, and with enough length to carry the head proudly. The short back is level from the withers to the high tail set. The tail is curled as tightly as possible over the hip. The double curl is perfection.
Forequarters: The legs are very strong, straight. The elbows should be directly under the withers. The shoulders are moderately laid back. The pasterns are strong, neither steep nor down. The feet are neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split-up toes, and the nails black.
Hindquarters: The strong, powerful hindquarters have moderate bend of stifle and short hocks perpendicular to the ground. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. The hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters.
Coat: The coat is fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither hard nor woolly.
Color: The colors are fawn or black. The fawn color should be decided so as to make the contrast complete between the color and the trace and mask.
Markings: The markings are clearly defined. The mask should be black. The more intense and well defined it is, the better. The trace is a black line extending from the occiput to the tail.
Gait: Viewed from the front, the forelegs should be carried well forward, showing no weakness
Temperament: This is an even-tempered breed, exhibiting stability, playfulness, great charm,dignity, and an outgoing, loving disposition.
Disqualification - Any color other than fawn or black
Grooming Requirements of Pugs Always be on the lookout for overgrown nails or buildup of wax in the ears, but other than regular maintenance, Pugs do not require extra grooming Care of pug Dog
The Pug dog requires special care when it comes to its skin and eyes.
The eyes are very sensitive and you will require cleaning them daily with a wet cotton/cloth.
Keep the dog hydrated at all times and do not make the dog play and exercise in extreme conditions because of its inability to breathe easily
Pug Dog Breed History
Pugs originated in China, dating back to the Han dynasty (B.C. 206 to A.D. 200)
Some historians believe they are related to the Tibetan Mastiff.
They were prized by the Emperors of China and lived in luxurious accommodations, sometimes even being guarded by soldiers
In the latter 1500s and early 1600s, China began trading with European countries. Reportedly, the first Pugs brought to Europe came with the Dutch traders, who named the breed Mopshond, a name still used today
Pugs Daily Feed Requirements
You Pug’s food will include all that is more in protein and vitamins and less in fats and carbohydrates.
Make sure that the protein intake consists of more meat protein than grain protein as the dogs are carnivorous and digest meat easily.
Four meals a day should be a standard schedule.
Feeding the dog several times during the day can lead to obesity.
Following is a list of food items that should and should not be included in the Pug dog’s diet.
Following is the list of safe Foods for Pugs: Whitefish, Pork, Carrots, beef, lamb, chicken, salmon, walleys, butter beans, bison, herring, butter beans, yogurt, pumpkin, tuna, peas, cheese, turkey and kidney beans
Following is the list of un-safe Foods for Pugs: Garlic, alcohol, avocado, chockolate, grapes, wheat, caffeine, onion, suger, salt, rice, oats, barley and sallouts
Pug Dog Feeding Chart
8-12 wks of age, ¼-½ cup of any puppy food , 4 times a day
3-6 months of age, ¼-⅓ cup, 3 times a day
8-12 months of age ⅓-½ cup, 2 times a day
Age 12 months and above, ½ cup, Depending on pug health and activities feed him atleast 1-2 times a day
Pug Diseases, Diagnostic, and Treatment
Unfortunately, breeders deliberately breed these good-natured dogs to be deformed. As such, they suffer more than their share of health problems – not only with their breathing, but also eye diseases, joint diseases, and a devastating (fatal) neurological disease called Pug Dog Encephalitis
This Pug disease causes an inflammation of the brain which in turn causes seizures, lethargy and loss of muscle control
If your pug is straining to go, or if their poop seems very hard and small, make sure they're getting enough water
If your pug hasn't pooped for more than a day, it can also indicate a serious concern like impaction
With Pug ears, you can sometimes smell a problem before you see it. Your nose picks it up right away. A brown or black waxy buildup down inside the ear canal accumulates and sends off a very earthy, but somewhat nasty, odor