Breed Name: Sphynx Cat Scientific Name: Felis catus Origin: Toronto, United States Lifespan: 8-14 years Height: 8-10 inches or 20-25 cm Weight: 10-12 lbs or 5-6 kg Litter Size : 4 Price / Cost of Sphynx Cat: USD $1000 Sphynx Cat - Breed Profile
The Sphynx cat is a breed of cat known for its lack of coat. Hairlessness in cats is a naturally occurring genetic mutation; however, the Sphynx cat, as a breed, was developed through selective breeding, starting in the 1960s
Including Sphynx, There are 6 different breeds of Hairless Cats: The Elf Cat, The Ukranian Levkoy, The Bambino, The Peterbald and The Donskoy
Sometimes Sphynx smell because of the diet of the cat, when you feed a Sphynx the cheaper, dry cat food that is full of grains or ingredients they are allergic too (like chicken or fish), they often will have digestive issues and skin issues. This requires more bathing for the cat or it will stink
Sphynx. Sphynx cats are known to have a rather raspy voice. This breed can be quite demanding and insistent with their vocalisation – they purr, meow, sing and chirp in a range of tones
Sphynx generally have a high metabolism, and need plenty to eat
Unlike other cats, it's fine to leave food out for them all the time in most cases because of that high metabolism
During winter, they can fall ill because they do not have the natural coat to give them warmth. You would need Sphynx cat clothes for every season.They would not resist wearing the clothes. In fact, owing to their unique human-like traits, they may actually begin to like wearing clothes
Temperature Tolerance Cats can overheat in hot weather.
Good Luck Omen about Cats Those little cat figurines with the raised paws are meant to draw good luck, wealth and prosperity to their owners. Often they are white, but Lucky Cats also come in black. A black Lucky Cat not only brings luck but also frightens away demons, evil energy, and stalkers
Bad Omen about Cats Most of Europe considers the black cat a symbol of bad luck, particularly if one walks across the path in front of a person, which is believed to be an omen of misfortune and death
Color Vision — It's a common misconception that cats can't see any colors, only shades of gray. Humans are known as trichromats, meaning they have three kinds of cones that allow them to see red, green, and blue. A cat's vision is similar to a human who is color blind
Due to their reduced night vision, these cats are more likely to get into accidents at night, especially if you live in a high-traffic area. Consider keeping your Sphynx cat in after dark for its own safety
Breed History of Sphynx Cat
Hairless cats like Sphunx have been throughout history, breeders in Europe have been working on the Sphynx breed since the early 1960s. Two different sets of hairless felines discovered in North America in the 1970s provided the foundation cats for what was shaped into the existing Sphynx breed.
The contemporary breed of Sphynx cat, also known as the Canadian Sphynx, is distinct from the Russian hairless cat breeds like Peterbald and Donskoy.
The current American and European Sphynx breed is descended from two lines of natural mutations:
Dermis and Epidermis (1975) barn cats from the Pearson family of Wadena, Minnesota
Bambi, Punkie, and Paloma (1978) stray cats found in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and raised by Shirley Smith
Gender Identification – Sphynx Cats
Determination of sex seems to be an easy thing. Anus and genital opening in male kittens are farther apart than in female kittens
In females, the genital opening is immediately below the anus. In males, it's a notable distance away
Temperament of Sphynx Notable for its hairless coat, the sphynx is also a friendly, loving, and energetic show-off who craves human attention. In contrast to her regal looks and serious expression, the sphynx is an acrobatic clown who doesn't take herself too seriously Coat Colors of Sphynx Cat The Sphynx comes in all colors and patterns, including white, black, red, chocolate, lavender, various tabby patterns, tortoiseshell, calico, bicolor, and pointed and mink patterns. The color is seen in the pigment of the skin as well as in whatever hair the cat has and can sometimes be difficult to distinguish Hybrids / Mixes of Sphynx Cats
The SphynxieBob is a Sphynx and Bobtail cat mix
BamBob is a cross between a Bambino cat and Bobtail cat.
“The BamBob is identical to the Bambino cat which is a hairless cat that carries the gene for short legs, and they also have a short little bobtail
Eye Color of Sphynx Cat Although born very light in color, the pointed Sphynx will darken and appear solid in color as an adult. Eye color: vivid blue Grooming Requirements of Sphynx Cat The first thing you should know about caring for a Sphynx cat is that they need frequent baths. Because of their lack of fur, Sphynx cats have incredibly oily and sweaty skin. This means this breed needs weekly baths to maintain healthy and clean skin
Reproduction Facts - Sphynx Cats
The mating process can take several days. A female Sphynx’s heat cycle begins at maturity and doesn’t stop until she’s bred. They are polyestrous, therefore they come into heat several times a year. Indoor cats, affected by artificial lighting, go through heat cycles throughout the year
The male is placed in the same room as the female Sphynx, and they are allowed to become familiar. If the queen has progressed from proestrus to estrus, she will let the male touch her. The mating itself barely takes half a minute
You must be sure to provide some route of escape for the male cat after mating, since the female is likely to react aggressively
The Sphynx female can be mated up to three times in a day, for the first three days of estrus
It’s common for a litter to have multiple fathers, and some breeders prefer to have more than one stud breeding the female to ensure fertility
Cats are reflex ovulators, which means that they only ovulate once they’re bred. If your female Sphynx fails to become pregnant then she will start a new heat cycle after about a week. If she miscarries, her body will rest for about two months before resuming the estrus cycle again
Gestation Period is 63 to 70 days
One week before the due date, it’s best to isolate your pregnant cat from the rest of the animals and give her a safe, clean, and comfortable place to give birth to her litter
Once the kittens are born, you should put betadine solution or gel on the severed umbilical chord until it dries and falls off a day later
The kittens should be kept in their mother’s care with very little human interference for the first few months of their lives
Ideally, the female cat should not be bred more than twice a year, while the stud should be given a few weeks’ rest in between mating. If the litter is particularly big, her reproductive rest may be kept even longer
Daily Feed Requirements of Sphynx Cat
Every cat is unique and each has their own particular likes, dislikes, and needs when it comes to food. However, cats are carnivores and every cat must obtain 41 different and specific nutrients from their food. The proportion of these nutrients will vary depending on age, lifestyle and overall health, so it's not surprising that a growing, energetic kitten needs a different balance of nutrients in her diet than a less active senior cat
Many people think that cats need milk. But they don't. NO you cannot cats are lactose intolerant and it will give kitty an upset stomach and the runs. Cats only need water to drink. If you wanna give them milk, buy lactose free milk only
Feeding Times From age six months to maturity, feed two times a day." Once the cat becomes an adult, at about one year, feeding once or twice a day is appropriate
It is recommend that diet plan of Persian cat should include roughly 80% wet or moist food and 20% dry food
Alternatively you can try “Premium Daily Diet for Cats” made through the ‘Secret Recipe’ of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contains essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and a branded breeding formula to enhance fertility in your Cat.
What Foods Are Poisonous To Cats?
Make sure that the Persian cats Should not eat following or could make them sick:
Alcohol- even a very small amount can make a cat very sick.
Dairy products- Adult cats are lactose intolerant which means that they cannot digest lactose which is present in milk and dairy products.
Raw meat & fish
Grapes & raisins
Onions & garlic
Another common household item that can be toxic to cats and dogs is Antifreeze. Even small amounts can be lethal and the symptoms such as; Vomiting, dizzy or drunken appearance
Sphynx Cat Diseases, Diagnostic, and Treatment
Sphynx Cats do face challenges unique to their nature. Because of their lack of protective fur, skin cancer may be a problem if exposed to sunlight for long durations of time
The lack of hair can cause health issues with kittens in the first weeks of life because of susceptibility to respiratory infections. Reputable breeders should not let their kittens go to new homes without being at least 14 weeks of age to ensure the kitten is mature enough to cope in a new environment
The breed does have instances of the genetic disorder hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Studies are being undertaken to understand the links in breeding and the disorder. The Sphynx cat has a high rate of heart disease, either HCM or mitral valve dysplasia. In a study of 114 cats, 34% were found to have an abnormal heart 16 had mitral valve dysplasia and 23 had HCM. These prevalences were found in cats with an average age of 2.62 years.
A type of muscular dystrophy associated with alpha-dystroglycan deficiency, and similar to that seen in Devon Rex cats, has also been described, but is rarely seen
Vaccination Schedule - Cat
Kittens are vaccinated once every three to four weeks until they reach 16 weeks of age or older. However, to avoid over-vaccination, most veterinarians will recommend starting the vaccine at 8 weeks of age, followed by boosters at 12 weeks and 16 weeks old. Rabies is the other core kitten vaccination
Recommended vaccine for kitten commonly called the “distemper” shot , this combination vaccine protects against three diseases: feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia (sometimes called “feline distemper”). Rabies