Tonkinese are a medium-sized short-haired breed distinguished by points as with Siamese and Himalayans. They are lively, but are happy apartment cats if have some exercize opportunity. They are commonly referred to as Tonks. As with many cat breeds, the exact history of the Tonkinese varies to some degree depending on the historian. Tonkinese cats are a recent cross between the Siamese and Burmese cat breeds, although some assert that Tonkinese-like cats have existed since at least the early 1800s, and the founding cat of the Burmese breed was probably a mink hybrid-colored cat named "Wong Mau." Some claim that the appearance of the breed is closer to the original appearance of the Siamese, before Siamese breeders developed today's triangular head and very leggy body. The name is not rélated to the Tonkin region of Indochina. When the breed was first established in Canada, the breed name was actually spelled "Tonkanese," which was a reference to the island in the musical South Pacific where "halfbreeds" suffered no discrimination. The mistaken idea that the name was a geographical reference paralleling the Siamese and Burmese breed names resulted in a gradual switch to the current spelling, under which the breed was recognized by the US registering associations. Tonkinese cats are commonly trim and muscular cats. They are typically heavier than they appear to be, due to their very muscular bodies. They have a distinctive oval-shaped paw, and a modified wedge-shaped head, with large ears set towards the outside of their head. They are unusually intelligent, curious, affectionate with people, and interested in them. Tonks are playful cats, but not hyperactive, although they can be mischievous if they become lonesome or bored. Some interesting toys and a cat tree, or, better yet, another Tonkinese, will keep them oc- cupied when you're not around. Unlike most breeds of cat, they are reported to sometimes, or even often, engage in fetching and they can often be found perched on the highest object in the house. They are more like Burmese in temperament than Siamese, that is, less high-strung and demanding. Their voices are also less piercing (or raucous, depending on taste) in most cases than the Siamese, but most Tonks do like a good chat. Most observers feel they combine the more attractive features of both ancestor breeds. Tonks exhibit a wide variety of coat colors and patterns. There are three main patterns are mink, solid and pointed. I he mink Varicty is considered most desirable for the show ring in cat lancier associations. The most commonly accepted colors are: platinum, champagne, blue, and natural. Typically, solid Tonkinese cats have gold or green eyes, cats with the pointed pattern are blue-eyed, and the mink cats have a shade of aquamarine. A great deal of subtle variation exists in colors and patterns, and Tonkinese body color darkens with age to some degree in all patterns. Cats kept in colder climates will typically be darker in their mink or point shading, like their Siamese cousins. Breeding two mink Tonkinese cats does not usually yield a full litter of mink pattern Tonkinese kittens, as the mink pattern is the result of having one gene for the Burmese solid pattern and one for the Siamese pointed pattern. The most likely frequency pattern will be in such a mating one solid kitten, one pointed kitten, and two mink kittens. Those kittens not fhtting the breed standards pertectly are termed pet quality and are usually sold as companion pets, and for less money, since they cant be exhibited. They still have the same Tonkinese charm and personality. The genetics of the coat coloring and its interaction with'eye coloring is complex and fascinating, though perhaps not the main attraction for Tonk fans. Tonkinese registered in associations with closed breed books may produce smaller litters of three or four kittens on average as a result of increasing inbreeding, but those registered where new blood can still be added to the breed tend to the traditional larger litters that come with hybrid vigor, usually having five or six kitens and sometimes more. Kittens from closed breed book litters will also tend to be smaller in size. Colors and patterns in any litter depend both on statistical chance and the color genetics and patterns of the parents. Breeding between two mink patterned cats will, on average, produce half mink kittens and one quarter each pointed and solid kittens. A pointed and a solid bred together will always produce all mink patterned kittens. A pointed bred to a mink will produce halt pointed and half mink kittens, and a solid bred to a mink will produce half solid and half mink kittens.
Daily Feed Requirements of Cats
Every cat is unique and each has their own particular likes, dislikes, and needs when it comes to food. However, cats are carnivores and every cat must obtain 41 different and specific nutrients from their food. The proportion of these nutrients will vary depending on age, lifestyle and overall health, so it's not surprising that a growing, energetic kitten needs a different balance of nutrients in her diet than a less active senior cat
Many people think that cats need milk. But they don't. NO you cannot cats are lactose intolerant and it will give kitty an upset stomach and the runs. Cats only need water to drink. If you wanna give them milk, buy lactose free milk only
Feeding Times From age six months to maturity, feed two times a day." Once the cat becomes an adult, at about one year, feeding once or twice a day is appropriate
It is recommend that diet plan of cat should include roughly 80% wet or moist food and 20% dry food
Alternatively you can try “Premium Daily Diet for Cats” made through the ‘Secret Recipe’ of Nadia Pets Cross. It also contains essential dietary requirements, minerals, vitamins, preventive medicines and a branded breeding formula to enhance fertility in your Cat
What Foods Are Poisonous To Cats?
Make sure that the Persian cats Should not eat following or could make them sick:
Alcohol- even a very small amount can make a cat very sick.
Dairy products- Adult cats are lactose intolerant which means that they cannot digest lactose which is present in milk and dairy products.
Raw meat & fish
Grapes & raisins
Onions & garlic
Another common household item that can be toxic to cats and dogs is Antifreeze. Even small amounts can be lethal and the symptoms such as; Vomiting, dizzy or drunken appearance
Cat Reproduction & Breeding Facts
The mating process can take several days. A female cat’s heat cycle begins at maturity and doesn’t stop until she’s bred. They are poly-estrous, therefore they come into heat several times a year. Indoor cats, affected by artificial lighting, go through heat cycles throughout the year
The male is placed in the same room as the female and they are allowed to become familiar. If the queen has progressed from pro-estrus to estrus, she will let the male touch her. The mating itself barely takes half a minute
You must be sure to provide some route of escape for the male cat after mating, since the female is likely to react aggressively
The female can be mated up to three times in a day, for the first three days of estrus
It’s common for a litter to have multiple fathers, and some breeders prefer to have more than one stud breeding the female to ensure fertility
Cats are reflex ovulators, which means that they only ovulate once they’re bred. If your female cat fails to become pregnant then she will start a new heat cycle after about a week. If she miscarries, her body will rest for about two months before resuming the estrus cycle again
Gestation Periodin Cats is 63 to 70 days
One week before the due date, it’s best to isolate your pregnant cat from the rest of the animals and give her a safe, clean, and comfortable place to give birth to her litter
Once the kittens are born, you should put betadine solution or gel on the severed umbilical chord until it dries and falls off a day later
The kittens should be kept in their mother’s care with very little human interference for the first few months of their lives
Ideally, the female cat should not be bred more than twice a year, while the stud should be given a few weeks’ rest in between mating. If the litter is particularly big, her reproductive rest may be kept even longer
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Luck Omen about Cats Those little cat figurines with the raised paws are meant to draw good luck, wealth and prosperity to their owners. Often they are white, but Lucky Cats also come in black. A black Lucky Cat not only brings luck but also frightens away demons, evil energy, and stalkers
Bad Omen about Cats Most of Europe considers the black cat a symbol of bad luck, particularly if one walks across the path in front of a person, which is believed to be an omen of misfortune and death
Color Vision — It's a common misconception that cats can't see any colors, only shades of gray. Humans are known as tri-chromats, meaning they have three kinds of cones that allow them to see red, green, and blue. A cat's vision is similar to a human who is color blind
Due to their reduced night vision, these cats are more likely to get into accidents at night, especially if you live in a high-traffic area. Consider keeping your cat in after dark for its own safety
Cat Diseases, Diagnostic, and Treatment
Cats can suffer from an inherited disease called pyruvate kinase deficiency that can cause anaemia. A reliable test is available for this and prospective owners should ask breeders if their cats have been tested and are clear of the problem.
An eye problem, called progressive retinal atrophy, which causes progressive blindness has been identified in some countries so it is worth asking the breeder about this as well
Gingivitis This curable disease appears as swelling in the gums. The redness and swelling are caused by plaque and calculus under the gums as a result of organic matter mixed with calcium phosphate and carbonate being stuck under the teeth. Risk increases with age, a soft-food diet and bad chewing habits. Left untreated, the disease can advance to a more serious condition called periodontitis
Other problems that may affect the cats include the following:
Early-onset periodontal disease
Hyperesthesia syndrome, a neurological problem that can cause cats to excessively groom themselves, leading to hair loss, and to act frantically, especially when they are touched or petted
Patellar luxation, a hereditary dislocation of the kneecap that can range from mild to severe. Severe cases can be alleviated with surgery.
Renal amyloidosis, a heritable disease that occurs when a type of protein called amyloid is deposited in body organs, primarily the kidneys in cats. It eventually leads to kidney failure
Vaccination Schedule - Cat
Kittens are vaccinated once every three to four weeks until they reach 16 weeks of age or older. However, to avoid over-vaccination, most veterinarians will recommend starting the vaccine at 8 weeks of age, followed by boosters at 12 weeks and 16 weeks old. Rabies is the other core kitten vaccination
Recommended vaccine for kitten commonly called the “distemper” shot , this combination vaccine protects against three diseases: feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia (sometimes called “feline distemper”). Rabies