Breed Order: 227
Breed Name: Tosa
The Japanese fighting dog, the tosa, is of comparatively recent origin: it was bred during the second half of the nineteenth century solely for arranged dog fights. The Japanese imported European breeds like bulldogs, bull terriers, St Bernards and Great Danes and succeeded, as one would expect, in producing an almost invincible fighter. Although now officially prohibited in Japan, dog fights are still held illegally.
The tosa is nowadays also employed as a guard and kept as a pet. Not surprisingly, in view of its history, the tosa has a markedly Suspicious attitude towards strangers.
In conformation, the tosa resembles the mastiff: it is tall, imposing and powerfully built. The large head has amber-coloured., fairly small eyes and small, highly set, dropped ears. The tail is set high and reaches the hock. The coat is short, smooth and hard.
The colour is a reddish brown, sometimes white with red patches or reddish brown with red markings in various shades. Height at shoulder is at least 24in for dogs and at least 21in for bitches.
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